January 23, 2018


A syndrome is a set of medical signs and symptoms that are correlated with each other and, often, with a particular disease or disorder. The word derives from the Greek σύνδρομον, mean concurrence“.


Not specific to only one disease.

The most important psychopathologi syndromes were divided by severity by German psychiatrist (1856—1926) into three groups. The first group, which included the mild disorders, includes five syndromes: emotional, paranoid, hysterical, delirious, impulsive.The second intermediate group includes two syndromes:  and speech-hallucinatory syndrome. The third group includes the most severe disorders. The third group includes three syndromes: epileptic, oligophrenic and dementia Epilepsy in these times has been viewed as a mental illness. Karl Jaspers (1883—1969) is considered the “genuine epilepsy” to be a “psychosis” too.He describes “the three major psychoses”: schizophrenia, epilepsy, and manic-depressive illness.instances, a syndrome is cancer.

Treatment includes iron pills, or rarely, blood transfusion

 A condition that prevents the body from absorbing enough B12 in the diet. This can be caused by a weakened stomach lining or an autoimmune condition. Besides anemia, nerve damage(neuropathy) can eventually result. High doses of B12 prevent long-term problems.

Anemia : People with anemia have a low number of red blood cells. Mild anemia often causes no symptoms. More severe anemia can cause fatigue, pale skin, and shortness of breath with exertion.

Iron-deficiency anemia: Iron is necessary for the body to make red blood cells. Low iron intake and loss of blood due to menstruation are the most common causes of iron-deficiency anemia. It may also be caused by blood loss from the GI tract because of ulcers or

Anemia of chronic disease: People with chronic kidney disease or other chronic diseases tend to develop anemia. Anemia of chronic disease does not usually require treatment. Injections of a synthetic hormone, epoetin alfa (Epogen or Procrit), to stimulate the production of blood cells or blood transfusions may be necessary in some people with this form of anemia.

Pernicious anemia (B12 deficiency

 Aplastic anemia: In people with aplastic anemia, the bone marrow does not produce enough blood cells, including red blood cells. This can be caused by a host of conditions, including hepatitis, Epstein-Barr,  or HIV — to the side effect of a drug, to chemotherapy medications, to pregnancy. Medications, blood transfusions, and even a bone marrow transplant may be required to treat aplastic anemia.

Autoimmune hemolytic anemia: In people with this condition, an overactive immune system destroys the body’s own red blood cells, causing anemia. Medicines that suppress the immune system, such as prednisone, may be required to stop the process.

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